MaryMac Books

Introducing Type

What is Psychological Type ?

Psychological Type is a Theory developed by Carl Jung (1875-1961) to explain some of the apparently random differences in people's behaviour. From his observations of clients and others, Jung found predictable and differing patterns of normal behaviour. His theory of Psychological Type recognises the existence of these patterns or types, and provides an explanation of how types develop. According to Jung's theory, predictable differences in individuals are caused by differences in the way people prefer to use their minds. The core idea is that, when your mind is active, you are involved in one of two mental activities:

  • Taking in information, Perceiving; or
  • Organising that information and coming to conclusions, Judging.


Jung observed that there are two opposite ways to perceive, which he called Sensing and Intuition, and two opposite ways to judge which he called Thinking and Feeling. Everyone uses these four essential processes daily in both the external world and Internal world. Jung called the external world of people, things, and experience Extraversion and the internal world of inner processes and reflections Introversion.


These four basic processes used in both your external and internal worlds give you 8 ways of using your mind:

extraverted Sensing, introverted Sensing

extraverted Intuition, introverted Intuition

extraverted Thinking, introverted Thinking

extraverted Feeling, introverted Feeling


Jung believed everyone has a natural preference for using one kind of perceiving and one kind of judging. He also observed that a person is drawn towards either the external world or the internal world more than the other. As you exercise your preferences, you develop distinct perspectives and approaches to life and human interaction.

The variations in what you prefer, use, and develop lead to fundamental differences between people. The resulting predictable patterns of behaviour are what Jung calls Psychological Type.


Here are some examples of how psychological type might be used professionally:



  • Develop different teaching methods to meet needs of different types
  • Understand learning motivations to help students gain control over their own learning,
  • Analyse curricula, methods, media and materials in the light of the needs of different types
  • Provide extra curricula activities to meet the needs of different types
  • To help teachers, administrators and parents work together more constructively


  • Help individuals find direction for their lives by understanding the strengths and gifts of their preferences
  • Help individuals cope with problems by developing powers of perception and judgement
  • Help couples and families learn the value of both their differences and similarities
  • Help parents accept children as they are
  • Help children follow their different roads to excellence without external disparagement or internal guilt


Career Guidance

  • To guide individuals in their choice of school subjects, professions, occupations and work settings.
  • To consider the opportunities a given career offers for use of the preferred modes of perception and judgement, and the demands that the same career makes for use of the least-liked and least-developed modes of perception and government.

Cooperation and Teamwork

  • To help group members recognise, appreciate and make use of the strengths of each type in the group
  • To help group members grow in their development as each learns from the skills of the other
  • To conduct meetings so as to take advantage of the contributions of each type
  • To help those who work and live together to understand how previously irritating and obstructive differences can become a source of amusement, interest and strength.


  • To learn the approaches that are most likely to earn the cooperation and agreement of each type.
  • To increase understanding by "talking the language" of the different types in the group.
  • To create a climate where differences are seen as interesting and valuable, rather than problematic.


Understanding Personality

An Introduction to personality types for beginners


4 hours

This one-day introductory workshop will introduce you to the personality types described by Carl Jung and Isabel Myers. We will use this personality model to make sense of how we function in relationships and  in the workplace. Suitable for adults and older teenagers.

In this workshop you will: 

  • Complete a personality questionnaire 
  • Identify their own personality type
  • Explore how personality influences behaviour and decisions
  • Learn how to improve personal interaction and communication


Included in this workshop: You’ve Got Personality by Mary McGuiness, plus the cost of completing the questionnaire. 

Recommended follow-up reading: Type Talk, Kroeger & Thuesen or Type Talk at Work, Kroeger. & Thuesen.


  • Public workshops - November 22, 2022
  • Zoom - interactive workshops and consultations are availble on Zoo.
  • In-house workshops by negotiation

Dates:                   Please enquire.  In-house rograms and individual consulations are available.

Time:                    3 hours

Fee:                      $70   (includes book You've Got Personality, and completing a questionnaire)

Concession fee:        $60   for pensioners


Private consultations are also available for individuals and couples:

Fee:                      $150   (includes a book You've Got Personality, and completing a questionnaire)


Make a booking

Registrations close one week before the workshop



Survival Games Personalities Play

Managing Dysfunctional Behaviour


4 hours

When a person's needs are not being met or they don't feel safe in a situation they will often play psychological games. The dysfunctional behaviour that results is related to their personality type and specific intervention strategies are needed to stop the games.


In this workshop you will:

  • Identify needs and motivators for each personality type
  • Examine the psychological games each Temperament tends to play when their needs are not met
  • Learn intervention strategies that work to stop the dysfunctional behaviour
  • Share examples where effective solutions have been found


Prerequisite: Knowledge of Type theory is desirable.

Suggested follow-up reading: Survival Games Personalities Play, Eve Delunas

Presenter:         Mary McGuiness

Sydney:             to be advised

Time:                 4 hours

Fee:                   $90

Concession Rate:   $55 

In-house programs avaiable.

Make a booking

Registrations close one week before the workshop


The Generations and Type


4 hours

Every generation forms a collective group that shares the same cultural experiences, a similar societal history, the same technology, and a shared attitude toward and reaction against the generation that came before it. These generational connections are powerful lenses for better understanding ourselves and each other. We now have four generations communicating, living and working with each other — Gen Y, Generation X, Baby Boomers, and Traditionalists — with unique outlooks, world views, motives and behavioral styles. This workshop utilizes Jungian-Myers Briggs type theory as a tool to bridge the gaps the different generations may find separating them.

This one-day experiential workshop is designed to help the four groups to understand each other. Learn how to use type and temperament to help bridge the gaps that develop between the generations in the workplace. This class is a fun and fast-paced workshop that merges type with generational theory.


Workshop Objectives:

  • Explore video, news events, music and advertising that contributed to the identity of each generational group
  • Explore how personality type and temperament influence the patterns of behavior in each generation.
  • Experience exercises that use type to facilitate and promote cross-generational communication and understanding.
  • Create an action plan for applying this understanding in the workplace.  


Include in the workshop fee:Book - Generations, Bridging the Gap by Rita Murray and Hile Rutledge.


Presenter:         Mary McGuiness

Date:                  Please enquire

Times:               4 hours

Fee:                   $90

Earlybird fee:      $80  (if paid 4 weeks before) 

Make a booking

Registrations close two weeks before the workshop.